Magnetic structure at zigzag edges of graphene bilayer ribbons

Castro, Eduardo V.
Peres, N. M. R.
Santos, J. M. B. Lopes dos
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We study the edge magnetization of bilayer graphene ribbons with zigzag edges. The presence of flat edge-state bands at the Fermi energy of undoped bilayer, which gives rise to a strong peak in the density of states, makes bilayer ribbons magnetic at the edges even for very small on-site electronic repulsion. Working with the Hubbard model in the Hartree Fock approximation we show that the magnetic structure in bilayer ribbons with zigzag edges is ferromagnetic along the edge, involving sites of the two layers, and antiferromagnetic between opposite edges. It is also shown that this magnetic structure is a consequence of the nature of the edge states present in bilayer ribbons with zigzag edges. Analogously to the monolayer case, edge site magnetization as large as $m \approx0.2 \mu_{B}$ (per lattice site) even at small on-site Hubbard repulsion $U \approx 0.3 {eV}$ is realized in nanometer wide bilayer ribbons.
Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures
Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics