Sinai model in presence of dilute absorbers

Doussal, Pierre Le
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We study the Sinai model for the diffusion of a particle in a one dimension random potential in presence of a small concentration $\rho$ of perfect absorbers using the asymptotically exact real space renormalization method. We compute the survival probability, the averaged diffusion front and return probability, the two particle meeting probability, the distribution of total distance traveled before absorption and the averaged Green's function of the associated Schrodinger operator. Our work confirms some recent results of Texier and Hagendorf obtained by Dyson-Schmidt methods, and extends them to other observables and in presence of a drift. In particular the power law density of states is found to hold in all cases. Irrespective of the drift, the asymptotic rescaled diffusion front of surviving particles is found to be a symmetric step distribution, uniform for $|x| < {1/2} \xi(t)$, where $\xi(t)$ is a new, survival length scale ($\xi(t)=T \ln t/\sqrt{\rho}$ in the absence of drift). Survival outside this sharp region is found to decay with a larger exponent, continuously varying with the rescaled distance $x/\xi(t)$. A simple physical picture based on a saddle point is given, and universality is discussed.
Comment: 21 pages, 2 figures
Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics