Bogoliubov Angle, Particle-Hole Mixture and Angular Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy in Superconductors

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Balatsky, Alexander V.
Lee, W. S.
Shen, Z. X.
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Abstract
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Superconducting excitations -- Bogoliubov quasiparticles -- are the quantum mechanical mixture of negatively charged electron (-e) and positively charged hole (+e). We propose a new observable for Angular Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES) studies that is the manifestation of the particle-hole entanglement of the superconducting quasiparticles. We call this observable a {\em Bogoliubov angle}. This angle measures the relative weight of particle and hole amplitude in the superconducting (Bogoliubov) quasiparticle. We show how this quantity can be measured by comparing the ratio of spectral intensities at positive and negative energies.
Comment: 4 pages latex with 76 eps figure files
Keywords
Condensed Matter - Superconductivity, Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
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