Diversity-Multiplexing Tradeoff via Asymptotic Analysis of Large MIMO Systems

Loyka, Sergey
Levin, George
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Diversity-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT) presents a compact framework to compare various MIMO systems and channels in terms of the two main advantages they provide (i.e. high data rate and/or low error rate). This tradeoff was characterized asymptotically (SNR-> infinity) for i.i.d. Rayleigh fading channel by Zheng and Tse [1]. The asymptotic DMT overestimates the finite-SNR one [2]. In this paper, using the recent results on the asymptotic (in the number of antennas) outage capacity distribution, we derive and analyze the finite-SNR DMT for a broad class of channels (not necessarily Rayleigh fading). Based on this, we give the convergence conditions for the asymptotic DMT to be approached by the finite-SNR one. The multiplexing gain definition is shown to affect critically the convergence point: when the multiplexing gain is defined via the mean (ergodic) capacity, the convergence takes place at realistic SNR values. Furthermore, in this case the diversity gain can also be used to estimate the outage probability with reasonable accuracy. The multiplexing gain definition via the high-SNR asymptote of the mean capacity (as in [1]) results in very slow convergence for moderate to large systems (as 1/ln(SNR)^2) and, hence, the asymptotic DMT cannot be used at realistic SNR values. For this definition, the high-SNR threshold increases exponentially in the number of antennas and in the multiplexing gain. For correlated keyhole channel, the diversity gain is shown to decrease with correlation and power imbalance of the channel. While the SNR-asymptotic DMT of Zheng and Tse does not capture this effect, the size-asymptotic DMT does.
Comment: To appear in 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT 2007), Nice, June 2007
Computer Science - Information Theory